In some cases, defendants in Ohio and around the country are allowed to wear GPS bracelets as opposed to spending time in jail. However, there are limits to how free a person can be when wearing such a device. For example, a person can be sent back to jail or prison if the device is removed. This may be true even if it is removed to have an X-ray or MRI performed.
Some black defendants might be more likely to go to jail while awaiting a court hearing in Ohio or in other states compared to white defendants. This was the conclusion of a study that will appear in The Quarterly Journal of Economics.
The Fourth Amendment provides protection against unreasonable search and seizure, but police officers in Ohio and around the country are permitted to conduct warrantless searches in certain situations. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1925 that police could search a motor vehicle without first obtaining a search warrant provided they have probable cause to believe that evidence of criminal activity will be discovered. The nation's highest court issued another ruling on May 29 that clarified the scope of this exception.
Getting pulled over by the police isn’t completely unavoidable. However, a police officer can’t just pull you over on a whim. They need to have a reasonable reason—known as probable cause— to stop your car.