Are all drugs created equal in the eyes of federal law?

On Behalf of | Mar 23, 2021 | Drug Charges |

Not all drugs are seen the same in the eyes of federal law. The penalties associated with a federal drug crime in Ohio varies depending on what federal drug schedule the substance falls under. Schedule I drugs have more severe consequences than Schedule II drugs, etc. The following is an overview of federal drug scheduling.

Schedule I drugs

Schedule I drugs are those that do not have a currently acceptable medical use and also carry a high potential for abuse. Heroin, LSD, and ecstasy are all considered Schedule I drugs. It is also important to note that marijuana is also a Schedule I drug under federal law, even if it is decriminalized or even legal under certain states’ laws.

Schedule II drugs

Schedule II drugs are those that have a currently acceptable medical use, but also have a high potential for abuse and could cause significant psychological or physical addiction. Vicodin, cocaine, methamphetamine and OxyContin are all examples of Schedule II drugs.

Schedule III drugs

Schedule III drugs are those that have a moderate to low potential for psychological or physical addiction. However, the potential for abuse for a Schedule III drug is less than Schedule I or Schedule II substances, but is greater than Schedule IV substances. Tylenol with codeine, ketamine and anabolic steroids are all examples of Schedule III drugs.

Schedule IV drugs

Schedule IV drugs are those that have a low potential for physical or psychological dependence as well as a low potential for abuse. Some examples of Schedule IV drugs are Xanax, Valium and Tramadol.

Schedule V drugs

Schedule V drugs are those that have a lower potential for abuse than other drug schedules and have a certain amount of narcotics. Robitussin AC, Lyrica and Parepectolin are all examples of Schedule V drugs.

Learn more about drug crimes in Ohio

It is important to keep in mind that drug crimes involving Schedule I crimes will be treated more harshly than drug crimes involving Schedule II crimes, etc. However, any drug crimes should be treated seriously. This post is for educational purposes only and does not contain legal advice. Our firm’s website on criminal defense may be of interest to those who want further information on this topic.