Some black defendants might be more likely to go to jail while awaiting a court hearing in Ohio or in other states compared to white defendants. This was the conclusion of a study that will appear in The Quarterly Journal of Economics.
The study examined tens of thousands of cases over a number of years in Philadelphia County and Miami-Dade County and found that on average, the bail for black defendants was more than $7,000 higher than it was for white defendants. This can be a factor in who stays in jail prior to a trial since some defendants may be unable to pay the bail amount. Black defendants had a 2.4 percent higher chance of staying in jail than white defendants prior to the court hearing.